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Your Greatest Outdoor Survival Tool – Mental Toughness

Your Greatest Outdoor Survival Tool – Mental Toughness

Any outdoor enthusiast should carry a first aid and survival kit.

Mental toughness is probably the most important survival mechanism of all.

Whether you like to hike, boat, cycle or explore nature away from the crowds is important to keep safety in mind. Perhaps the most important tool for survival is not carried with you as here at all, but it Is your mental attitude in preparation having thought through emergencies before hand and being prepared.

Here are some tips and ideas that may help you enjoy the outdoors even more in comfort and safety no matter what happens.

1. Do what it takes. The conventions of etiquette, propriety and high cuisine may have to take a backseat when survival is at stake. It may be necessary to share body heat with a buddy. Stabilizing knee wound or broken bone must be done, regardless of any squeamishness or immediate discomfort. There are many animals, insects, and vegetation that can sustain life in a pinch in the wild

2. Maintain a positive attitude. There is an interesting concept study in psychology called self-efficacy that basically states that if a person believes they can do something their chances are significantly higher it will be accomplished. Henry Ford once said “If a man believes he can do something or cannot do something he is right.”

3. Survival knowledge. You do not necessarily need an advanced degree in survival. But it is certainly prudent and cautious to have read and studied on the environments in which you like to enjoy yourself. Knowledge of your sport or hobby is not only critical for safety but also for enjoyment.

4. Motivation. If you find yourself a in a tight spot, it really helps to maintain a positive attitude if you have strong motivators. What motivates you is certainly different from what motivates someone else. It is important to maintain a clear vision and power through any difficulties to get back to what you love and the life you want to live

5. Take action. I used to have a teacher who stated “A thought is just a thought, any motion is just an emotion, but nothing actually happens until you take action.” This is not to say hasty or rash action is necessary, but in order to change one’s circumstances no matter what they may be some change has to occur.

In looking over this list, it does not seem like rocket science but ask yourself, have you actually mentally prepared for any contingencies that may come up while you’re enjoying your sport or hobby. Preparation is the key to success.…

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Cyclists Can Also Put Others at Risk on the Road

Cyclists Can Also Put Others at Risk on the Road

While many people would argue that cyclists are often at risk from cars, trucks and buses on the road, it is equally as important to remember that cyclists also can put people at risk when on the road. In March 2009 in Oxford, a cyclist knocked down a child in Oxford. The child suffered from bruises and scrapes and the cyclist, Daniel Rosier was charged with a careless cycling offence and received a 12 month conditional discharge and ordered to pay over A�120 in costs and compensation.

Police commented that while cyclists are vulnerable, they are also capable of causing harm to others. Meanwhile Rosier has also commented that this charge was ‘unfair’ and if he had not stopped to help the child, he would not have been charged. While it is unusual for a case such as this to reach the court, it is also the first known in Oxford. The chairman of the cycling campaign, Cyclox welcomed the prosecution, as he felt that any cyclists who runs over a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing is ‘an idiot’ and deserves ‘no sympathy whatsoever’.

Other cycling laws may be of interest to other cyclists. Here are the top 6 that may surprise some regular cyclists.

1. You can be charged for cycling carelessly. Reckless cycling is an offence, under the RTA 1988, section 28

2. Cyclists are also bound by the rules of the road. They are obliged to comply with traffic signs in the same way as other road users. This includes stopping at traffic lights, signalling etc.

3. Don’t carry more than your load. The carriage of more than one person on a road on a bicycle not propelled by mechanical power is an offence committed by each person being carried, under the RTA 1988, section 24. However if your bike is legitimately constructed or adapted for the carriage of more than one person like a tandem bicycle or one with an attached child seat, the rule is waived.

4. Don’t drink and ride. Riding a pedal cycle while unfit to ride because of alcohol or drugs is an offence contrary to section 30 of the RTA 1988, where the rider is incapable of controlling the cycle

5. Stick to the road! Cycling on the pavement is an offence, under the Section 72 of the Highways Act 1835 as amended by Section 85 (1) of the Local Government Act 1888

6. Maintain visibility. Front and rear cycle lamps are now permitted to flash, under the Road Vehicle Lighting (Amendment) Regulations 2005

Cyclists should take these rules into account on the road, for the safety of all those involved.…

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Understanding Cyclocross Bicycles And Their Advantages

Understanding Cyclocross Bicycles And Their Advantages

Cyclocross bicycles are specially manufactured to overcome the rigors in a cyclocross race. They usually look like the racing bicycles which are often used for road races. The only difference that one can spot between the two bicycles is the frame design and also the wider clearances that the cyclocross bicycle bears to provide complete protection to the wheel and also avoid accumulation of mud and dirt. These bicycles are manufactured with special materials in order to provide the rider stability, rigidity and easy handling of the vehicle.

As the rider tends to lift their cyclocross bicycles for about 30 times in a 60 min race, the need for lightweight materials plays a vital role. Frames which were manufactured from aluminum were very popular until they became the common material for a bicycle that became a commonplace on the road. The latest technology has helped develop many such materials which provide lightweight to the bicycle frame maintaining the strength and rigidity. One such invention is carbon fiber. All the cyclocross bicycle frames are now manufactured with carbon fiber which has greatly reduced the total weight of the bicycle.

Cyclocross bicycles have a wider clearance for wider tires and also to prevent the accumulation of mud and dirt by the tires. The wheelbase of the bicycle is also much larger than the regular bicycle found on the road. This option has provided the rider to have more stable control while cycling on a rough terrain. Apart from this, the larger wheelbase also helps the rider to avoid contacting front wheel to their feet during a tight turn. Depending upon the requirement and the racing specifications, a rider can opt for various accessories that are present in order to enhance their cycling experience.

One can choose from a simple cyclocross bicycles without any gears such as single speed bicycles. These bicycles have mechanical advantage during muddy conditions were lower speed is required to continue the cycling activity. These bicycles are equipped with traditional cantilever braking system. Native compatibility and the brake pad to rim clearance which is necessary to reduce the drag affect are the two main factors were installation of traditional center pull cantilever braking system. Recently there has been a modification to the braking system where mini V-brakes were introduced which matched to the standard of drop-bar brake lever system.

Cyclocross bicycles have wide variety of tire choices to choose from. It is very important for the rider to choose the appropriate tire which will help them go through the cyclocross racing. Tubular tires are still in demand due to their advantage of working condition even at reduced pressures. Low pressures are generally preferred for cyclocross racing as there will be an increase in traction control on soft surfaces due to larger contact patch area. These bicycles are manufactured according to the specifications laid out by the cyclocross racing department. There has been a tremendous increase in number of people who are now willing to participate in a cyclocross race.…

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The Importance of Using Bike Lights

The Importance of Using Bike Lights

Benefits of Using Bike Lights

It may seem obvious but there is a dual benefit in cyclists using bike lights in dim/dark conditions. They are used to not only to increase the rider’s visibility, but also to help others to see the rider. Lights are an extremely important piece of equipment as statistics suggest a car-bike collision rate is several times higher at night than during daylight. What is more startling is that these collisions are largely down to the inadequacy of the cyclist’s equipment which can be easily prevented. Using the proper equipment makes cyclists visible to other road users and can make cycling at night much safer than this statistic suggests. The most common setup for bike lights are white lights at the front of the bike, red lights at the back, and orange reflectors on the side, but be sure to check the legal requirements of your jurisdiction as there are different rules on what is required.

Legal Requirements

Looking specifically at the UK, the regulations governing bicycle lights are set out in the Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989 and subsequent amendments in the UK Highway Code. The standards for reflectors are quite straight forward however the regulation for lights is somewhat less straight forward. Reflectors must conform to BS 6102/2 or an equivalent European standard which means that bikes should have a red rear reflector and amber/yellow pedal reflectors on the front and rear of both pedals. For UK use, bike lights must abide by the BS 6102/3 or an equivalent European standard. However, it must be noted that a steady light can be used on if it flashes at a constant rate of between 60 to 240 flashes per minute and has a luminous intensity of at least 4 candela.

LED Bike Lights

Most LED bike lights have a higher luminous efficacy and a lifetime of around 40,000-50,000 hours of operation and options to dim and turn on/off the blinkering. There are varying degrees of power to bear in mind. Higher powered LED lights would be recommended for those cyclists that cycle in dim/dark conditions on a regular basis. For those cyclists that occasionally ride at night a lower powered inexpensive LED front light and rear LED flasher would be sufficient, especially for riding on well-lit streets that do not require such an intense beam. There are many types of bike lights on the market to meet the needs of all bike lovers.…

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Cycling Compression Stockings: How They Help

Cycling Compression Stockings: How They Help

Gas prices are rising along with environmental concerns, and more people than ever are starting to commute to work by bicycle. It’s more fun than sitting in traffic, and it can prevent a sedentary lifestyle. Urbanites are learning that they can even beat traffic by riding their bike – plus you can park for free almost anywhere.

Most cyclists agree that the best benefits of bicycling are saving money on transportation while getting a workout at the same time. Cyclists these days are getting the most out of their ride by wearing compression socks. As with any kind of exercise, it’s normal to expect some muscle soreness or fatigue, and for cyclists, most of that happens in the legs. However, there’s a secret to combating sore muscles and leg fatigue: cycling compression stockings. Studies have shown that wearing these socks can also improve cycling performance.

Compression socks use a special fabric technology called graduated medical-grade compression, in which the knit is tighter around the foot and ankle and decreases in pressure as it moves up to the knee and thigh. They are knit in a way that helps circulate blood flow from the lower extremities up to the heart for oxygen replenishment. All cyclists, whatever their skill level, find several benefits of wearing cycling compression stockings.

Advantages of wearing Cycling Compression Stockings

Added support for legs. With compression socks, bicycling exerts stress on the leg and feet muscles during a ride. Compression stockings, such as CEP biking socks, lend extra support to the leg muscles and tendons, including the Achilles. Keeping compression socks on after a ride also helps the muscles recover by reducing soreness, fluid retention and swelling. In fact, compression socks come in versatile styles appropriate for regular work attire. By bringing an extra pair of compression stockings to wear after commuting to work, cyclists can give their legs added support throughout the day.

Decreased lactic acid buildup. Lactic acid buildup happens when the body is working hard and can’t supply enough oxygen to the muscles. Fortunately, another benefit of these socks is their ability to flush out the lactic acid buildup that happens. CEP biking socks, and other cycling compression stockings, aid in the removal of lactic acid when it builds up.

Elevated comfort. Cycling compression stockings have features specially designed for cyclists. Each sock is designed for the left or right foot, which ensures a perfect fit every time. As your body heats up, cycling compression socks have special temperature-regulating materials designed to wick away moisture and sweat as you ride, keeping your legs and feet cool. Plus, socks like CEP biking socks are equipped with extra foot padding to provide extra comfort and prevent blisters.

Selecting the Best Compression Socks

First, decide whether compression socks or stockings are better for you. Generally, compression stockings go up to the thigh or higher and tend to look like nylons or leggings, while socks generally go to the knee. Next, it’s important to get the correct sock size, so you need to get an accurate measurement of your legs. Finally, special socks such as cycling compression stockings come with different levels of compression, so you need to choose a level that fits your needs best. Cycling socks generally need to be replaced every four or five months; you will know they need to be replaced when the fabric in your compression socks loses its elasticity.…

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Advanced Cycling Training Program

Advanced Cycling Training Program

Cycling has taken off as one of the most popular growing sports in the country. More and more people are getting into the sport, whether to just ride on the weekends and enjoy the scenery, or to start training for races. This creates a wide range of cyclists within the sport ranging from the very new beginners to the more seasoned, experienced cyclists who have been doing it for some time and have risen to a physical level far above the weekend enthusiast. It is these experienced cyclists that may actually benefit the most from following a proven cycling training program. Even though many of these experienced cyclists are already training and probably following some type of plan, if you don’t follow the right kind of training routine, you are simply training inefficiently.

If you are one of these more experience cyclists, then it might be a good idea to take a second look at the training you currently do. Even if it feels like you are working very hard, it doesn’t mean you are getting the most out of your workout. You have probably spent a good amount of money on your bike and other cycling gear, so why not consider looking into a high quality cycling training program to help you get the most out of your workouts. It is a small price to pay for the increased level of skill you will see from following a formulated cycling training program.

Most cycling training programs out there have a beginner section and then move on to more difficult areas. Obviously this beginner information probably won’t benefit you that much, but you might be surprised to find that you haven’t been following some of the base guidelines that all cyclists should be following and it might actually do you good to take a look at those sections as well. From here, the program should become more advanced and offer some more traditional training programs, plus maybe some bonus “rapid results” training programs. Obviously it will be hard to evaluate the quality of a program without trying it for a while, so make sure you do some comparative research to find a program that fits your needs the best.

My recommendation is that you look for a program that was created by people who have a cycling background and who seem to possess the history to be able to pass along the best possible information. If you could find a program offered by ex professional cyclists, professional trainers, or some person of similar qualification, you will probably have the most luck.…

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How Much Does Water Damage Restoration Cost?

When choosing a water damage restoration service, you have several options. Consider how much the water damage restoration will cost, the work involved, and the health risks associated with untreated water damage. You may also want to look into references and ask former clients for recommendations. Make sure to ask for permission before using a client’s name. The process is not a straightforward one, but it can be stressful enough without the added stress of trying to sort out the various details.

Work required for water damage restoration

There are several different levels of water damage restoration work. For example, a homeowner may only need to replace carpeting or drywall, but more extensive damage may require rebuilding entire rooms. Professional water damage restoration specialists will come to your home to assess the extent of the damage and determine the level of service you will need. They will also determine the amount of water damage that has occurred and will use advanced equipment such as hygrometers and moisture detectors to pinpoint the exact location of the damage. Once the area has been inspected and assessed, a restoration expert will classify the damage using a classification system. For example, damage ranging from one to four inches is considered Class 1 water damage, while Class four damage is extensive and requires sophisticated techniques to remove the water.

If you need water damage restoration services:

  1. Call several companies to find the right one for your situation.
  2. Ask about their staff and equipment.
  3. Find out if they are certified and insured.
  4. Ask if they have an emergency line to contact in emergencies. You should also ask previous clients if they were satisfied with the services of a particular company.
  5. Read online reviews or ask around. If you have a friend or family member who has already used the company, ask them if they can recommend a water damage restoration service they use.

Cost of water damage restoration

The cost of water damage restoration services depends on several factors. For instance, the extent and amount of damage vary widely. Additionally, you may also need additional preventative repair services. While these are primarily out of the average person’s budget realm, they can add up quickly. So, how much should you expect to pay? Again, the answer to this question depends on several factors, including the type of water damage and its volume. Below are some tips for figuring out the cost of water damage restoration.

The first step in water damage cleanup is to isolate the source. Identifying the source of water is crucial as it reduces structural damage. In addition, the cost of extracting services varies according to the type of water. In the case of a sink or bathtub overflow, the water used is called gray water. While this water contains only a few contaminants, it is potentially harmful to your health. It can also damage your appliances.

Health hazards associated with untreated water damage

While flooding can leave a property looking like a beautiful dream, the long-term consequences of leaving water damage untreated can be detrimental. Even small leaks can turn into a major mold issue. Even the slightest water damage incident can cost thousands of dollars to repair. Not to mention the risks to your family and employees. Additionally, even minor water damage can depress the value of your home. Untreated water can be a real eyesore, and if the area is not immediately repaired, potential buyers are unlikely to buy your property.

The most common hazard associated with water damage is mold exposure. This substance can cause several health problems, ranging from skin irritation to asthma attacks. Mold can grow on almost any material and surface and is particularly harmful to the respiratory system. In addition to compromising the structure of your home, water damage can compromise its integrity. For example, if the water gets into the ceiling, it can collapse, compromising the home’s design.

Types of water damage

When assessing whether your home needs water damage restoration, it is essential to understand the different categories. For example, if your home is experiencing category two water damage, you need to look at the amount of greywater. This type of water contains detergents, chemicals, and soap scum. Unfortunately, it also may have a more harmful effect on your health, as it can produce toxic allergens. Luckily, a professional can help you sort through the different categories.

There are two main categories: minor area water damage and considerable area water damage. Slight area water damage is the least severe kind, which generally means that the water has only affected a small area. On the other hand, significant area water damage affects multiple rooms and contains carpets and other materials vulnerable to water damage. Listed below are the three different categories and how you can …