About Bipolar II Disorder
Bipolar condition is a.k.a. manic depressive complaint. It is a mental illness that presents itself as mood swings or mood cycling. Many people do not recognize that there are actually two sorts of bipolar disorder. Bipolar I complaint is usually called raging mood cycling with episodes of extreme mania and depression, along with the rare mixed episode. Bipolar I patients may likewise experience psychotic or hallucinating signs.
Bipolar II disorder is commonly known as rapid mood cycling with instances of hypomania and depression. Bipolar II condition does not occur with psychotic or hallucinating symptoms. Additionally, hypomania is known as a milder form of mania, in which the patient has a timescale of hightened happiness or elation. Depression with bipolar II patients is frequently more life-threatening than in patients with bipolar I complaint. Suicide, suicide threats, suicide attempts, and thoughts of suicide are much increasingly commonplace in bipolar II patients than bipolar I patients.
A diagnosis of bipolar II disorder is usually made when the patient has had one or more major depressive episodes, at least one hypomania episode, no manic episodes, and when no other reason for symptoms can be seen.
Symptoms of depression with bipolar disorder include decreased energy, unexplained weight changes, feelings of despair, increased irritability, and uncontrollable crying. Signs of hypomania include sleeplessness, racing thoughts, distractibility, excess energy, and rash judgements. These signs are much in-line with mania, but are less severe.
Treatment of bipolar condition typically involves a combination of medication and therapy or counseling. Medications typically prescribed for treatment of bipolar complaint include anti-depressants such as Celexa, as well as mood stabilizers like Topomax. Mood stabilizers are vitally important in remedy of bipolar disorders, because antidepressants alone can cause the patient to penetrate into a manic or hypomania episode.
Bipolar II disorder it’s actually often misdiagnosed as clinical depression. This is because of the truth that depression is more often than not present, and hypomania episodes seldom come to light in therapy sessions due to their upbeat nature. It is commonly through remedy by antidepressants that the correct diagnosis is made, because the patient will spin into a hypomania episode nearly immediately if the diagnosis ought to be bipolar condition instead of clinical depression.
Counseling or therapy remedy options for bipolar II disorder occasionally includes conventional counseling methods, discussion of triggers and lifestyle changes that can lessen the severity of episodes, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Patients with a mild case of bipolar disorder may profit from counseling or therapy alone without medication. Although, this is less common with bipolar II disorder than with bipolar I complaint, attributable to the nature of the severity of the depressive states.
It is vitally important for people with symptoms of bipolar disorder to search out the help of mental health experts soon after symptoms become evident. Bipolar II condition patients account for at least half of the suicides yearly. To avoid suicidal behavior, it is important for bipolar patients to be properly diagnosed at an early stage, so that ongoing remedy of the illness can start and be continued as a way to avoid suicidal behavior.